Gingivitis is one of those words a patient absolutely dreads hearing come out of their dentist’s mouth. You’ve basically just told your dentist that you have poor oral care habits and prefer to skip out on regular dental visits. It can’t get any more embarrassing, am I right? But why? Why is it such a bad thing? Because if you really think about it, you don’t really even know what it is. Let’s meet the periodontal disease known as gingivitis…
Gingivitis is inflammation of the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth and is most commonly a result of poor dental hygiene. Gingivitis is a very common condition and varies widely in severity. It is characterized by red, swollen gums that bleed easily when teeth are brushed or flossed. Gingivitis is not the same thing as periodontitis, although sometimes a person may be affected by both. Gum disease is mostly caused by improper oral hygiene that allows bacteria in plaque and calculus to remain on the teeth and infect the gums.
But there are other factors that increase the risk of developing gingivitis. Some of the most common risk factors are as follows:
So, what causes us to get this site oral health issue? Gingivitis forms when food particles mixes with saliva and bacteria-plaque forms that then sticks to the surfaces of teeth. If dental plaque and tartar aren’t removed by brushing with toothpaste and flossing, it can become mineralized and form tartar. Tartar is very hard and can only be removed by a professional dental cleaning, which is why dental check-ups are so necessary. Untreated tarter can lead to major and costly dental problems.
Plaque and tartar are filled with harmful bacteria, and if they aren’t removed from teeth, they will begin to irritate the gums and cause gingivitis. If left untreated, gingivitis will often extend from the gums to the bone and lead to periodontitis. When the underlying bone gets infected, it will start to recede away from the teeth and form deep gum pockets. These pockets collect plaque and bacteria as they are very difficult to keep clean, and more bone loss occurs. As periodontal disease progresses into later stages and more bone tissue is lost, the teeth may eventually become loose and fall out.
For more information about gingivitis or other gum disease, call Dr. Middleton in Riverside, CA at (951) 688-3442 or visit www.gmdental.com.
Dr. Middleton proudly accepts patients from Riverside, Corona, San Bernardino, Redlands, Moreno Valley, Lake Elsinore and all surrounding areas.